An aesthetic trend descended from neoclassicism, the Biedermeier style developed in central Europe between 1815 and 1848, the period of peace following the Napoleonic Wars.
The term "Biedermeier" is actually the name of a fictional character-Gottlieb Biedermaier-who came to life in the 1840s in a Munich weekly satirical magazine. This "god-loving everyman" represented the typical German citizen, more interested in a comfortable home and a convivial family than political activism. What began as an intellectual critique soon developed into a new model for living. Biedermaier's name, slightly altered, and his orderly, frugal and simplistic view of the world became synonymous with this period in German culture by the end of the century. The tendency was to pare forms to their essentials, merging the useful with the beautiful. Eighteenth-century gilding and frills were stripped away in favor of the natural beauty of materials and shapes.
The aim of this exhibition is to underscore the singularity of this movement as a harbinger of many aspects of modern aesthetics, including the age of industrial design. The objects presented include furniture, silver, crystal and porcelain pieces, wallpapers and textile samples, together with depictions of interiors, botanical studies and a few paintings.
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