|Constantin Brancusi (1876-1957) was one of the founding figures of modern sculpture and one of the most original artists of the twentieth-century. His groundbreaking carvings
introduced abstraction and primitivism into sculpture for the first time, and were as important as Picasso's paintings to the development of modern art. This exhibition brings together more than thirty of Brancusi's sculptures and will be the first major exhibition in the UK dedicated to his works.|
Brancusi was born in Romania in 1876 and studied in Bucharest. In 1904 he moved to Paris, where he was to spend more than fifty years and where, from the mid 1920s, he established his studio as the calm backdrop to his work. He was encouraged by Auguste Rodin but, from 1907, he began a process of simplifying his figures to the point of abstraction. Forms of great purity and balance resulted from this refinement. His choice of materials including marble and limestone, bronze and wood, and his individual expression through carving, established him as a leading avant-garde artist.
Organised by Tate in collaboration with the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, it will travel to New York from 17 June – 19 September 2004.
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