|This exhibition traces the history of MoMA's acquisitions of Latin American and Caribbean art from the late 1930s to the present, featuring more than 150 seminal works drawn from MoMA's Departments of Painting and Sculpture, Drawings, and Prints and Illustrated Books. |
The first section of the exhibition begins with major paintings and drawings acquired in the 1930s by José Clemente Orozco (Mexico, 1883-1949); Diego Rivera (Mexico, 1886-1957); and David Alfaro Siqueiros (Mexico, 1896-1974). These early acquisitions and gifts entered the collection shortly after they were created and set a precedent for MoMA as a collector of contemporary art.
The second section highlights works acquired after the creation of MoMA's Inter-American Fund in 1942. This fund enabled the Museum during the 1940s to obtain an extensive range of works reflecting both geographic and stylistic diversity, including masterpieces by artists such as Frida Kahlo (Mexico, 1907-1954); Wifredo Lam (Cuba, 1902-1982); Roberto Sebastián Matta (Chile, 1911-2002); Cândido Portinari (Brazil, 1903-1962); Rufino Tamayo (Mexico, 1899-1991); and Joaquín Torres-García (Uruguay, 1874-1949).
The third section of the exhibition focuses on the 1960s, when MoMA markedly increased its acquisitions from Argentina, Colombia, Puerto Rico, Venezuela, and other countries, with a particular emphasis on drawings, print portfolios and artists' books. Important paintings and sculptures by major artists, including Fernando Botero (Colombia, b. 1932); Gego (Gertrude Goldschmidt, Venezuela, b. Germany 1912-1994); Julio Le Parc (Argentina, b. 1928); Marisol (Marisol Escobar, Venezuela, b. 1930 in France); Rafael Montañez Ortiz (Puerto Rico, b. 1934); and Jesus Rafael Soto (Venezuela, b. 1923), also entered the collection at this time and are represented in the exhibition.
The fourth and final section of the exhibition presents MoMA's most recent acquisitions. The contemporary works from this section include a range of works in a variety of media by artists such as Fernando Bryce (Peru, b. 1965); Felix Gonzalez-Torres (America, b. Cuba 1957-1996); Arturo Herrera (Venezuela, b. 1959); Guillermo Kuitca (Argentina, b. 1961); José Leonilson (Brazil, 1953-1994); Cildo Meireles (Brazil, b. 1948); Vik Muniz (Brazil, b. 1961); Gabriel Orozco (Mexico, b. 1962); and Doris Salcedo (Colombia, b. 1958).
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